THE CHAUVET CAVE:
Located in a limestone plateau crossed by the meanders of the Ardèche River, the cave contains the oldest paintings known to date (the aurignacian period: between 30 000 and 32 000 BC). This exceptional cave that testifies of prehistoric art was closed by a landslide about 20 000 years ago, and it remained sealed until its rediscovery in 1994, which allowed to keep an outstanding contribution. More than 1 000 paintings, with anthropomorphic or animal motifs, have been inventoried on its walls. Their outstanding aesthetic quality reflects a wide range of techniques, including the mastery of stump, the combination painting-engraving, anatomical precision, three-dimensional representation and the movement. Include representations of species dangerous, difficult to observe for males of the era (mammoths, bears, lions caves, rhinoceros, bison, aurochs), more 4 000 remains of the Paleolithic fauna and various footprints human steps.